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Dretske’s Criteria for Perception and Awareness


‘(1) the information in these states should be available for the control and guidance of action (if the experience is unconscious, of course, the actor need not be aware of this influence); and (2) the information should be extracted from stimulation (as it is with conscious experiences) by accredited receptor systems.’

‘Tp: S perceives x = S has a perceptual experience (in our special inclusive sense) that provides (in a direct way) information about x’


‘rTa: S is aware of X = S perceives X, and information about X is available to S as a reason (justification) for doing what she wants (chooses, decides) to do’